Caucasian rugs originate from the Caucasus area situated between the Black and Caspian Seas. This area – beforehand the south-western a part of the Soviet Union earlier than its disbandment – encompasses almost 160,000 sq. miles of territory.
Caucasus Historical past
Over the course of the previous millennium, the Caucasus area skilled vital quantities of territorial, cultural, and non secular battle. The rocky terrain and expansive number of tradition made the world inclined to frequent sieges and territorial conquests.
Earlier than the Russian authorities absorbed the Caucasus area, the Arabs, Mongols, Tartars, Turks, and Persians repeatedly engaged in battle over the area. As a result of fixed shifts in energy, the indigenous inhabitants comprised all kinds of beliefs and cultural traditions.
The primary individuals teams – together with Christian Armenians, Central Asian Islams, Turks, and Persians – suffered many types of persecution, discrimination, and enslavement all through the their historical past.
The violent historical past of this area closely influenced its weaving cultures. The weavers of this area used a wide range of daring, stunning colours with a view to painting their unlucky previous.
Given the menagerie of individuals teams that make up the inhabitants, the rug weaving kinds show many cultural influences. Persian designs and Anatolian weaving strategies repeatedly peak out in Caucasian rugs; nevertheless, regardless of the similarities, Caucasian rugs have many distinctive qualities that they declare as their very own.
It wasn’t till the early 19th century that the Caucasus area lastly shifted completely into the ‘folks artwork’ weaving traditions that the area is so well-known for.
Caucasus Rug Weaving Types
Inside the previous century, the Caucasus area has grow to be very well-known for its ‘folks artwork’ sample kinds. Its textile artwork has considerably impacted the oriental markets, and the area is now very well-known for these particular kinds of rugs.
Within the mid-to-late 20th century, the Caucasian individuals switched to weaving their rugs in state-controlled workshops as a substitute of nomadic tribes. These workshops regulate the kind of wool and the standard of the general rug. Along with regulating the rug’s supplies, the workshops additionally restrict the rug designs to the older, extra fashionable kinds in Caucasian historical past.
Caucasian Rug Names
In contrast to different cultures, the Caucasus names its rugs primarily based on the rug high quality or the design as a substitute of by the place of the rug’s origin. This may make it harder to really authenticate the product, and decide its historical past.
It might be troublesome to find out the precise nation of origin in Caucasian rugs as a result of workshops and different manufacturing crops usually copy Caucasian designs. Because the rugs don’t naked the origin identify for the rug, it is very important intently look at the standard and design when deciding to make a purchase order.